If you have already managed to get hold of a box of Bollox Energy Gels you may have noticed the prominent location of the ingredient taurine on the nutrients label. Taurine, which comes from the Latin (Taurus) word for "bull," is an organic compound that was originally discovered and isolated in an ox in 1827. Contrary to popular rumors, taurine has nothing to do with the bull’s testicles, semen or urine. While taurine is sometimes called an amino acid, and indeed is an acid containing an amino group (and also a sulfonic acid group), it is not an amino acid in the usual biochemical meaning of the term, which refers to compounds containing both an amino and a carboxyl group .
Taurine is found naturally in several dietary sources such as fish, meat and breast milk. A typical diet may include 50-200 milligrams of taurine a day, depending on how much fish and meat you consume. You can also get taurine from sea algae and sea plants, and our bodies can even create some taurine on their own. Taurine is an important component of bile acids, which are used to absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins. It also plays an important role in supporting heart health, brain health, muscle function and is also a potent antioxidant.
Now, before you reach for your next Bollox Energy Gel, let's talk about what this "super molecule" can do for you as an athlete. Taurine supplementation may have various benefits such as:
1) enhanced force production,
2) improved endurance,
3) increased performance in aerobic sports,
4) increased performance in anaerobic sports.
There are multiple scientific studies published supporting theses positive effects of Taurine supplementation:
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